The online teaching or learning process does not just take place in pre-arranged sessions. In the traditional classroom model, the teacher and students spend most of their time in the physical classroom engaging in language input, activities, communication, and assessment.

The era of the third industrial revolution, represented by the Internet, 3D printers, and distributed new energy, has already come. It is characterised by networks, intelligence, individualisation, and globalisation.

Countries worldwide, whether developed or developing, are formulating strategies to promote lifelong learning.

The higher education edition of New Media Consortium (NMC)’s Horizon Report is an authoritative forecast report.

I. Introduction

Shanghai Academic Credit Transfer and Accumulation Bank for Lifelong Education, the first provincial level credit bank in China, was officially inaugurated in July 2012.

According to 2016 China Scientific Research Papers Statistics released in Beijing by Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (ISTIC), the number of highly cited international papers as well as the number of papers on international hot topics from China ranks number three globally, following the United States and the U.K.

According to a 2016 MOOC industry white paper released by the Research Centre for Online Education, Ministry of Education of the People’s Republic of China (MOE), the scale of Chinese MOOC users has started to show rapid growth since core MOOC platforms came into use in 2014.

Over the past five years, remarkable achievements have been made in the development of China's educational information construction. However in the process of promoting the development of educational informatisation, the following problems still exist.